# BrightSparks circuits

by Amy Collins August 10, 2018

This activity was created as part of a Gratnells What’s In My Tray CPD workshop for secondary science technicians to support practical work and delivery of the curriculum. It can be carried out as a stand-alone activity for students or combined with other activities from the session to form a STEM carousel.

BrightSparks – develop your circuitry skills

The modules, leads, multimeter and hand crank are all available from BrightSparks 4kids who are the creator of this What’s In My Tray Activity.

A video of this activity by BrightSparks and Senior Science Technician Paul Cook can be found here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qaFRogt4p_c&feature=youtu.be

### You will need (per team of 4):

• Shallow Gratnells (F1) tray with a four section insert to organise the modules and lid
• 2 x Bulb module
• 1 x Diode module
• 1 x Two Way Switch module
• 2 x Capacitor module
• Digital Multimeter with operating manual
• 1 x Hand crank
• 2 x Stopwatch

This activity also works as an individual challenge, just increase the amount of time allocated to complete it.

### Preparation:

• Place all the equipment into the shallow Gratnells (F1) tray as per the picture below and put the lid on.

### What to do:

• Use the equipment in the tray to construct the following circuit

• Set the Two Way Switch module to ‘Charge’ mode
• Rotate the hand crank clockwise at medium speed (~2 revolutions per second) for 30 seconds – you should observe a steady 5 to 6 Volts on the Multimeter.
• Flip the Two Way Switch module to ‘Run’ mode, immediately start the stopwatch and note down the Voltage displayed on the Multimeter.
• Time how long the Bulb module will operate from a single charged capacitor until exhausted – exhaustion is a reading of 1.0 Volt on the Multimeter.
• Take a reading from the Multimeter every 10 seconds.
• Plot your results on the graph provided and add a line of best fit.

• How long did the Bulb operate for from a single charged capacitor until exhausted at 1.0 Volt?
• How long could we operate two equal power bulbs modules in parallel from a single charged capacitor?
• Why did we only operate the hand crank in a clockwise direction?
• Name one purpose of the Diode module in this circuit.
• What is the capacitance value of the capacitor? Tip – Look closely, it is measured in Farads (F)
• Estimate the total value of capacitance needed to operate one bulb module for 1 hour?

• Around 30 seconds
• Half the time of the answer given to Q1, so around 15 seconds
• So the polarity output would be the correct way for our circuit
• Prevents current from flowing in the opposite direction once the capacitor is charged, therefore maintaining its charge if we stopped rotating.
• OR A safety component for the capacitor to protect it from reverse polarity if the hand crack is rotated in the wrong direction.